Voluson 730 expert manual pdf free download
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Thank you so вот ссылка. Thank you. Victor, I know its been a long time перейти на источник this post, did you happen to resolve the issue? Hi victor to had the same problem and I had is that the source of the lamps will damage the touchscreen reestablished this step and change the lamps do yo need yet the manual?
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Problem is its giving error when you change the mode of transducer or you switch to other transducer and it will restart the voluson 730 expert manual pdf free download and i need service manual for this machine Thank you in advance and god bless.
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Voluson 730 expert manual pdf free download. Voluson 730 Expert Instruction Manual – English – UM – 105928 – 001
Have the system checked and serviced in regular intervals once per year by authorized service personnel. In case of total failure first check if mains voltage is present. Mentioning any observations or failure symptoms to the service engineers is helpful.
For further details review: Save Full Backup chapter The directory structure of the full backup data is as follows:. The subfolders have the names fbX where X is a number e.
The data resides within a directory structure within these subfolders. It is possible to move the fbX subfolders, even leaving gaps in the numeration sequence. Scan time limits: Acc. Range: a Visual inspection: Housing, connection, operating elements, display facilities, labels, accessories, user manual.
The field engineers are required to announce every remote connection to a system previously by calling the affected site.
Disruptive Mode: If the field engineer requires unrestricted access to the ultrasound system the field engineer requests for disruptive mode on the system. A message appears on the screen asking for permission to switch to disruptive mode: GE Service is requesting permission to diagnose the system remotely. Normal system operations might be disturbed during this period. If disruptive mode is accepted, work on the system can be disturbed severely. Therefore, it is not allowed to perform an exam or make a diagnosis using the ultrasound system while being in disruptive mode.
Therefore, it is recommended to cease work on the system as soon as the field engineer contacts the site and announces the remote connection. Network Security: The remote access features enables, after checkout has been performed, network services like ftp or telnet on the ultrasound system. Therefore, it is advisable to restrict network access to system for unauthorized personnel. It is strongly recommended to use a firewall to restrict network access from and to an ultrasound system with the remote access feature installed.
Other precautions like a secure network segment are encouraged. Given its known benefits and recognized efficacy for medical diagnosis, including use during human pregnancy, the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine herein addresses the clinical safety of such use: No confirmed biological effects on patients or instrument operators caused by exposure at intensities typical of present diagnostic ultrasound instruments have ever been reported.
Although they indicate that the benefits to patients of the prudent use of diagnostic ultrasound outweigh the risks, if any, that may be present. Please note: Prudent use means that the ultrasound machine is to be used by the operator in accordance with the ALARA principle, i. An ultrasound bioeffect is any biological mechanism or process that is produced, triggered or catalyzed by exposure to ultrasound. One can differentiate two known mechanisms for the development of bioeffects when humans are exposed to ultrasound: the thermal effect of ultrasound and the cavitation.
With humans no harmful bioeffects due to exposure to diagnostic ultrasound have been noticed. The rise in tissue-temperature under the influence of ultrasound energy is called thermal effect. The level of the temperature rise depends mainly on the following parameters: the irradiated quantity of energy, the surface of exposure and the thermal characteristics of the tissue.
Regarding the thermodynamics, the AIUM-report comes to the following conclusions:. Note that the thermal model of the AIUM does not take into account the influence of tissue blood circulation. Cavitation concerns the reaction of gas- or vapor bubbles or gas- or vapor accumulations present in tissue or liquids.
Transient cavitation means dilatation and quick collapsing of a bubble as a reaction to one or more ultrasound pulse beams. This quick collapse can lead to locally limited in micrometer range high temperatures and pressures. Stable cavitation concerns the repeated oscillation of a bubble. This bubble oscillation can have effects on neighboring cells, especially due to transverse action acting on its membrane and due to disturbance of the contained cytoplasma.
Amplitude and frequency of the bubble oscillation are dependent on the bubble size at the beginning and resonance frequency characteristics as well as on frequency and pressure of the impinging ultrasound. With tissue of mammals the scientists came to contradictory results regarding the ability to produce cavitation. This is possibly due to differences in the occurrence of cavitation germs bubbles.
Very little is known about the factors determining the presence or absence of micro bubbles, their chemical consistence and visco-elastic characteristics. The results of cavitation tests also depend on ambient pressure, on the acoustic energy and the pressure level. With the output power used in diagnostic ultrasound no cavitation was observed in vivo. With the limited data available it is not possible to specify threshold values for the pressure amplitude at which – when using diagnostically relevant pulse lengths and pulse repetition frequencies – cavitation occurs with mammals.
Some scientists observed that the peak rarefaction pressure pr of the transmitted disturbance is related closer to occurrence of cavitation than to the overall measured peak pressure due to compression plus rarefaction. Other examinations showed that the peak rarefaction pressure of the basic oscillation component of the disturbance could be among the three mentioned parameters the most closely related to the cavitation.
All intensity parameters are determined by measurement in water. As water does not absorb the acoustic energy, these measurements in water represent the most unfavorable value. In biological tissue however the acoustic intensity is absorbed.
The “real” value in a given position depends on the amount and type of tissue through which the ultrasound beam passes and on the ultrasound frequency. The value in tissue in situ can be approximately determined with the following formula:. As the ultrasound generally crosses tissue layers of different thickness and different types on its way through the body during an examination, it is very difficult to estimate the real intensity in situ.
For reports generally an impedance coefficient of 0. The value in situ that is generally indicated in reports is calculated according to the following formula:. As this value must not be considered as the real intensity in situ, the term “recalculated” is used hereunder. In some cases the max. Recalculated value and the max. Value in water do not occur under the same operating conditions.
Therefore the max. Values in water and recalculated max. Values mentioned in reports may not be related according to the above-mentioned formula. For example: An array probe with multiple focusing, whose max. Intensity values in water are lying in the deepest focal zone; for this zone, however, the smallest recalculating factor is valid. With the same probe the highest recalculated intensity can be lying in one of the focal zones closest to the surface. The FDA has laid down limits for the max.
Therefore the recalculated intensities are brought to the highest possible value with the help of the system controls when the output power is tested. Under all operating conditions the point of the max. Recalculated intensity can be closer to the probe than the point of the max.
Intensity in water; it will never be further away from the transducer. Please refer to this standard to get further information on this matter.
Thermal Index TI is a quantity related to calculated or estimated temperature rise under certain defined assumptions. Bone Thermal Index TIB is the thermal index for applications, such as fetal second and third trimester or neonatal cephalic through the fontanel , in which the ultrasound beam passes through soft tissue and a focal region is the immediate vicinity of bone. Cranial Bone Thermal Index TIC is the Thermal Index for applications, such as pediatric and adult cranial applications, in which the ultrasound beam passes through bone near the beam entrance into the body.
Mechanical Index MI formula is the spatial-peak value of the peak rare factional pressure, derated by 0. To make the MI unitless, the right-hand side of the equation below is multiplied by [ 1 0.
Scanned mode auto-scanning is the electronic or mechanical steering of successive ultrasonic pulses or series of pulses, through at least two dimensions. Unscanned mode nonautoscanning is the emission of ultrasonic pulses in a single direction, where scanning in more than one direction would require moving the transducer assembly manually.
These values are not defined on the basis of the ultrasound bioeffects, but are based on the output power of instruments, that were manufactured prior to the modification of FDA- Regulations Thermal models in development in include the output power.
The limit for MI is 1. In some cases the tissue can be exposed to sound and intensity values that are higher than those given recalculated for in situ. In these cases the reported values in situ do not represent the worst case of exposure. But this case occurs only if the tissue has an attenuation coefficient below 0. While scanning, notice the index numbers you are using and which controls affect the readings.
Try to keep the index numbers as low as you can, while maintaining diagnostic information within the image. This is particularly important when scanning the fetus. The display accuracy of the mechanical index and all thermal indices is 0. Values below 0. Following the ALARA principle means to keep the total ultrasound exposure as low as reasonably achievable, while optimizing diagnostic information. With the new ultrasound equipment, the output display lets us determine the exposure level in terms of the potential for bioeffects Controlling the total exposure depends on output level and exposure time.
The output level required for an exam depends on the patient and on the clinical need. Not all diagnostic exams can be performed at very low levels. In fact, using too low levels may result in poor data and the need to repeat the examination. Using too high a level may not increase the quality of the information, but it will expose the patient to unneeded ultrasound energy.
Primarily, it’s our training, education, and experience that determine how quickly we can obtain a useful image, and thus, the length of the exam and the amount of exposure. So, the question is ‘How much time do we need to obtain the desired diagnostic information? GE Medical Systems-Kretztechnik Ultrasound therefore recommends careful studying of the system’s manual to become familiar with the operating controls and output display of the system as well as with following the ALARA principle.
This might decrease the risk of any potential biological hazard caused by ultrasound exposure during an examination! W0 : is the ultrasonic power, except for TISscan, in which case it is the ultrasonic power passing through a one-centimeter window mill watts. For MI, zsp: is the axial distance at which pr.
EBD: are the entrance beam dimensions for the azimuthal and elevational planes 1 – 12 millimeters. FL: is the focal length, or azimuthal and elevational lengths, if different millimeters.
Acoustic Output Tables acc. Please contact your local sales representative. These claims do not directly correspond to or imply clinical performance. The phantom is designed and constructed by Ernest L. Madsen, Ph. This 3D ultrasound phantom contains two sets of spherical targets. All spherical targets in the same set a have coplanar centers and the same diameter and identical contrasts over the total depth of 15cm. The center-to-center separation between adjacent spheres is 0.
Madsen’s phantom. This pertains only high contrast large targets i. This pertains only low contrast large targets i. NOTE: The resolution in orthogonal, reconstructed plane is considerably lower than that of the primary scan plane.
The system resolution is particularly lower for low contrast targets in the reconstructed, orthogonal plane. Significant system artifacts may exist in the orthogonal plane parallel to the face of the probe. For the reason of improved lateral resolution you should choose the proper scanhead for the depth range of the structure to be measured.
The instrument does not pose any unusual threat when disposing of it. Description of the System The vast array of probes makes it suitable for many applications. The operation is designed for the specific clinical requirements and ensures simple and efficient handling. Vast ranges of measuring and evaluation programs, as well as many special functions enable comfortable working. Under the provision of regular maintenance by authorized service personnel, the life expectancy is 7 years from the manufacturing date.
The biological effects of diagnostic ultrasound on the human body have not been entirely investigated yet. So far no damages by ultrasound diagnosis are known, still the instrument should only be used by a medical doctor or under his supervision.
The ultrasound examination should be performed in as short of a time as possible and with the lowest transmit power available to enable diagnostic results ALARA principle, As Low As Reasonably Achievable. The occurring sound intensities depend on the respective probes. The declaration of sound field parameters acc. One distinguishes between two acting mechanisms for the development of Bioeffects when exposing the human body to ultrasound waves: Heat Generation and Cavitation.
Heat generation: the ultrasound energy is absorbed by the tissue and warms it up, the amount of heat depending on the absorbed power and duration of exposure. A part of the heat is dissipated into the blood stream. Cavitation: due to a strong negative pressure gas bubbles appear. The permanent change between gas and liquid phase constitute strong local mechanical stress in the tissue. The degree of cavitation is influenced by the gas content and the superficial tension of the tissue resp.
Place for different disk drives. When preparing the system for transport, the lock shall be engaged in order to secure the console against uncontrolled rotation. Pull the lever under the control console forward. Rotate the console to desired position. Do not put your hand between the control console and the main unit when moving it to the 0 position: Danger of injuries!
Do not pull or lift the system with the front handle of the user interface. When pulling, moving or lifting the system, grasp it only at the rear handle of the trolley and the handle underneath the foot rest.
Two people are required whenever a part weighing 16 kg 35 lb. This module houses the entire electronics with for connections, up to 3 probe connectors and the beamformer module transmit and receive electronics.
The control console consists of the touchpanel, the hard keys, digipots and trackball, the loudspeakers, and the probe holders. All modules mentioned above are arranged within the trolley. There are 4 wheels. The front wheels are equipped with locking brakes. Underneath the control console is space for auxiliary equipment. Spectral Doppler module enables the evaluation of blood flow ratios with pulsed and continuous wave and is built into the main electronic module. Color-Doppler module enables color-coded evaluation of blood flow conditions and is built into the main electronic module.
The console controls frequently used functions, e. Additional functions are controlled via the touchpanel. Note: The touchpanel could be blocked by direct sunlight – avoid full sunlight. The touchpanel will be blocked by any foreign body lying on it, or e. The touchpanel enables a comfortable control of menus.
Only those touch keys are provided which are necessary for the activated menu. The touchpanel eases working under dim light condition. When rotated they deliver digital pulses and can be selected by program call-up. They are displayed on the touchpanel screen by their location, their function, and their actual value of setting. A dual function is marked e. Touching the corresponding symbol causes switching to the second function.
Mainly two menu levels are used for operating the system, the main-menu level and the submenu level. From the main menu the most important submenus, e.
Some hard keys activate a specific submenu on the touchpanel, e. Normally changing from one submenu to another is made via the main menu; direct call-up from one to another submenu is possible in some rare cases only. It contains 4 main groups of operating functions:. By touching the menu key the referring menu appears on the touchpanel.
The [Utilities] key is available in all main menus in the top right corner of the touchpanel. Logo Image Info 2. TGC curve 3. Image area 4. Measurement results 5. Status bar area 6. Mechanical Index Body marker 7. Thermal Index Depth scale marker 8. Sonographers Name Gray scale wedge 9. Hospital Name Identification Focal zone marker s Date Orientation marker Storage Inter-memory to save images, volumes, as well as cine sequences in the Sonoview or to send them to an external DICOM server operation review: Sonoview chapter 15 and Saving chapter Trackball and Trackball keys trackball: positions cursors, Cineloop, position and size of the box, etc.
Clear All to clear graphics, measurements and annotations on the screen. Indicator display a pointer arrow or hand operation review: Indicator chapter 4. Bodymark to enter Bodymark symbols on the screen operation review: Pictogram chapter 4. Focus select the position of the transmitter focus operation review: Transmitter Focus chapter 5.
Depth select the display penetration depth of the 2D image operation review: 2D Mode Depth chapter 5. Automatic Optimization in 2D Mode: Pressing this key causes automatic optimization of the gray scale to enhance the contrast resolution.
The rendered image is not affected. Review: chapter Rotating allows setting of the 2D image gain within the probe-defined range. With active 3D function on, rotate the control for slicing within the volume.
With 3D function on, rotation around Z-Axis within the volume. Rotating allows setting of the Motion mode M mode Gain within the probe- defined range. With 3D function on, rotation around the Y-Axis within the volume.
With 3D function on, rotation around the X-Axis within the volume. Power set the acoustic output of the system operation review: Transmit Power chapter 5. Dual-Screen Format vertical distribution select the display format Dual screen display in 2D and 3D image mode operation review: Dual-Screen Format chapter 5. Dual-Screen Format horizontal distribution At the time being the horizontal format is not yet implemented! Patient Data Entry call-up of the patient data entry menu the previous exam will be closed.
Caution: It is absolutely necessary to press this key before switching OFF the system. Otherwise the current Patient data as well as all the measurements in the Patient report will be lost. Report Worksheet press this key to review the Patient worksheet of the currently selected application operation review: Calculations and Patient Worksheets Reports chapter Sonoview press this key to shift from scan mode to Sonoview operation review: Sonoview chapter In general operations at diverse dialog pages and windows on the system desktop e.
Trackball mouse position : positions the pointing device arrow on the desktop. Delete Image Annotation deletes all the image annotations on the screen. Delete deletes all graphics, measurement, pointers and image annotations on the screen. EUM Press the [F1] button to invoke the electronic user manual. Content portion on the right side of the screen where help topics are displayed. Touch [Exit] on the touchpanel, press the [Exit] key on the control panel, or the click the [X] symbol on the Help window to exit the electronic user manual.
To view the left side of the screen again, click the [Show] icon. Caution: Please be aware that changes and modifications, which are not related to installing printers and adjusting printer settings may cause system dysfunction. To return to the previous screen click [Back]. To return to the link, click [Forward]. A list of topics – arranged in alphabetical order – will be displayed.
Use the scroll bar to look up a topic. Either double click the desired topic to view, or highlight the topic and click the [Display] button. Type in the topic name in the Type in the keyword to find: field.
Topics with the word or phrase you typed appear in the Select Topic to display: area. You may find that there are topics you need to refer to often. In this case, it is a good idea to save these topics as Favorites.
Highlight the topic in the Topics: field and click the [Add] button. These offer suitable conditions for a large number of applications. Depending on the user’s experience these default settings can be changed and stored as new User Programs. Storing these programs or quick loading of new programs of a second user is done by backups. In the event the equipment has been brought from cold environment stock room, airfreight into a warm room, allow several hours for temperature balance and passing of condensation humidity before switching on the first time risk of leakage current.
The system is equipped with mains outlets separated by an isolation transformer for peripheral equipment printer, VCR. To ensure electrical safety, these instruments must never be connected to a wall socket.
Connect the Power Cable to the back of the system. Connect the Main Power Cable to a hospital grade power receptacle with the proper rated voltage. For its location review: System Configuration chapter 3. Once system is switched on, it is completely reset. The boot-up time is about 2 minutes, and then the 2D mode main menu for the previously selected transducer is displayed.
The switch of printers has to be in ON position before starting the system. However, be aware some auxiliary equipment may switch itself to standby mode when Standby power is on e.
To avoid loss of the current Patient data as well as all the measurements in the Patient Worksheet, it is absolutely necessary to press the [End Exam] key on the control panel before switching OFF the system. The system may not be able to boot if power is recycled to quickly.
Prior to connecting or disconnecting a probe freeze the image. It is unnecessary to switch the unit off. If a probe is disconnected while running write mode a software error may occur. If the cable spout on the right-hand door is missing do not pull on the probe cable, the probe cable can be damaged.
Please insert the spout in the destined place or call the Service Department. Plug the probe connector into a free socket. Twist the probe twist lock lever to vertical position to lock it in place. Open the right-hand side door. Lay the cable into the intended cable holder and close the door.
Each probe connector has a mechanical fixation lock which has to be engaged to enable the probe to be working at all. Note: A disconnection of an active probe is permitted in read mode only!!! If a probe is disconnected while running write mode a software error can occur!
Probe holders: Always store the probes in the intended probe holders. This menu shows the connected probes. The denomination of each transducer connected to the system appears in the corresponding touchkey softkey. Probe selection is done by touching the corresponding key. The key with the selected probe is illuminated.
At the same time the available applications of the selected probe are displayed in the application field. The Default Setting is not rewriteable for the User. Program selection is done by pressing the corresponding keys. For each probe up to 7 programs can be stored. The Setting enables speedy adjustment of the system for different fields of application.
To store a user setting under an application, review: User Settings chapter Probe window: Shows all connected probes, the active one is highlighted if one is active.
Application window: Shows all applications for the active probe. The last active application is highlighted. Setting program window: Shows all settings for the active application. The last active setting is highlighted. Touch the corresponding probe key. Each touch key shows the name of the responding probe. The selected probe is indicated when its key is highlighted. For starting the system review: Starting the System chapter 4. Touching a setting key causes loading of the preset.
The probe is initialized, the main menu 2D mode appears on the touchpanel and the ultrasound image appears on the monitor in write mode real time display. Pressing the [Freeze] key causes loading of the selected highlighted setting. Same function as when pressing a setting key. Exit: return to the previously used active mode menu 2D mode, M mode, Note: Soft key [Exit] and hard key [Probe] provide the same function.
You may exit eventually by one of the keys, if no change of a probe or an application was made. In this case an exit is only possible by selecting a setting. Probes and Biopsy This chapter consists of the information of each probe and describes some special concerns, such as biopsy kits and accessories as well as basic procedures for attaching a biopsy guide to the different types of probes.
Each probe is provided with an orientation marking. This mark is used to identify the side of the probe corresponding to the side of the image having the orientation mark on the display. Probe type serial number. Vascular X X X X. Small Parts X X. Vascular X. Pediatrics X X X X. Orthopedics X. Select the desired language from the pop-up menu. Select the desired color scheme display of the Touch Panel from the pop-up menu. Pin No Output Signal Description.
Others NC Non-connection. Pin No Signal Description. Visible Resolution x x Horizontal Active Display Horizontal Front Porch 1. Horizontal Sync Width 4.
Horizontal Back Porch 6. Vertical Active Lines Interlaced yes yes. Aspect Ratio pixel size Floor: Comments: Site:. You can get IP settings assigned automatically if your network supports this capability. You need to ask your network administrator for the appropriate settings. NOTE:This example shows fictive numbers! Supply a valid user name and a password for this folder. Otherwise, the connection must be re-established manually after a shutdown or reboot.
In this case, please verify the data in the dialog. For details, contact your local system administrator. User Manual, Installation Manual, This will ensure that all relevant safety and user information is available during the operation and service of the complete system.
Specific language versions of the User Manual may also be available. Check with your GE Sales Representative for availability. The covers are required for safe operation, good system performance and cooling purposes.
Connect the Power cable to the back of the system. Screw on the pull-out protection of the mains power cable with the 2 screws. Connect the Power cable to an appropriate mains power outlet. Switch ON the Circuit Breaker at the rear of the system.
For example: Relocating the scanner. Touch Panel screen 2. Touch Panel digipot and toggle switch controls 3. Power-, Audio Volume- toggle switch controls 4. TGC – Slider Controls 5. Depth-, Focus- toggle switch controls 8. Print A-, Print B-Trigger key 9.
Trackball and Trackball keys Exit key Annotation and Measurement keys Screen Format keys Patient Data Entry key Probe key Sonoview Image Management key VCR Remote Control key.
Main menu key: to change from one Sub menu to another. Sub menu key: to adjust settings of the selected Scan mode. Utilities key: activates the configuration system. Setting window: shows all settings for the active application. The active one is highlighted. Additional functions which are supported by the selected Mode. The functionality of these controls changes, depending upon the currently displayed menu.
Table Monitor Display Features 1. Patient Name family, given, prefix Focal zone marker s. Hospital Identification Gray scale wedge. Date Depth scale marker. Logo Measurement results. NOTE: Some software may be considered standard depending upon system configuration. If any Modes or Options are not part of the system configuration, the check can be omitted. Some function keys only appear on the Touch Panel if they are available for the selected probe.
Step Task Expected Results. Transmit Power 2 Optimizes image quality and allows user to reduce beam intensity. Focus Depth To select the depth position of the actual focus zone s. Arrows at the left 3 edge of the 2D-Image mark the active focal zone s by their depth position. Depth Adjusts the depth range of the ultrasound image for the region of interest.
It reduces speckle and artifacts in the 2D image. Pulses are transmitted not only perpendicularly to the acoustic window, but 7 CRI Compound Resolution Imaging also in oblique directions. The advantages of CRI are enhanced contrast resolution with better tissue differentiation and clear organ borders.
Coded Excitation improves image resolution and penetration in the far field. Use this control to select a part of interest of the 2D image. The green line in the displayed symbol indicates the position of the acoustic block. ZONES beam for a specific area. To adjust the range of the receive frequency. Persistence is a temporal filter that averages frames together. The signals of the neighboring pulses are less weighted for the display of the 19 LINE FILTER actual pulse which considerably improves the detail lateral resolution and signal-to-noise ratio.
Dynamic Range controls how echo intensities are converted to shades of 20 DYN. Edge Enhance brings out subtle tissue differences and boundaries by 21 enhancing the gray scale differences corresponding to the edges of ENHANCE structures.
Adjustments to M Mode’s edge enhancement affects the M Mode only. Control to improve the resolution by reducing the frame rate. Function is only available with endovaginal probes.
Dynamic Range enhances a part of the grayscale to make it easier to display pathology. Press the right trackball key to activate the motion display. Dynamic Range adjusts the display cutoff of the Doppler analysis waveform. The TD key in the 2D Main menu is only visible if the option is installed and the selected probe is capable for the Tissue Mode.
Changes the Single image display to two simultaneous half images. The right frame shows the 2D Mode image with color information. By touching toward the PRF decreases. To select different filter periods for rising velocity and falling velocity. It allows you to enhance an interesting part of the grayscale.
Determines the line density within the Color-Box. After a selection has been made, the color bar displays the resultant map. Gently means the transition between color and gray scale information. There are 8 steps in each direction. If these options are not part of the system configuration, the appendant checks can be omitted. Touch this key to select desired Acquisition- and Visualization Mode. Select Acquisition Mode. Select Visualization Mode. Select User Setting. Start the Volume Acquisition with the Freeze key resp.
This format is not possible for Static 3D Acquisition. Note: The display depends on selected Acquisition- and Visualization Mode! Parts of the orthogonal sections A, B and C are complied to a 3D section aspect. HELP Display of orientation help image figure. Resets the rotations and translations of a volume section to the initial start 6 INIT position. LOW All color values below the level will be disregarded for calculation of the surface.
To select the desired Render View Direction. To set the start point of the gamma curve bending. To set the contrast of the bending. Adjusts the contrast of the screen background from dark to bright. The selected image is simultaneously displayed. The selected image is displayed. Select the Cine Mode review direction. Select the Step angle and the Rotation axis. Touch the appropriate item on the Touch Panel. An active cursor appears. To fix the start point, press SET the right or left trackball key.
The system fixes the first cursor and displays a second active caliper. To complete the measurement, press SET. The system displays the distance or tissue depth value in the measurement results window.
Before you complete a measurement:. Touch the corresponding item on the Touch Panel. An active cursor displays. An ellipse appears the axis of which is defined by these two points. To complete the measurement, press SET right or left trackball key. The system displays the circumference and area in the measurement results area. The original caliper is displayed to restart the measurement. Select the appropriate item among 1 DIST. For further details: see and Select the reference image in which the measurement is to be performed A, B or C.
Select the first section through the body by rotating the REF. Position the start dot of the area which should be surrounded and store it with SET.
Surround the area with the trackball, then press SET right or left trackball key. The area is calculated and displayed. Press the SET key twice. Select the next parallel section with the REF.
Repeat 5. NOTE: The contour of the measured area is not erased if a new section is adjusted. To call back the measured areas touch the PREV. A cursor appears on the screen. Trace to the end of the period and press the SET key again to fix the mark. The measurement results appear on the screen. Before you complete the measurement:. NOTE: Depending on the setting in the Measure Setup, the envelope curve will be performed with a continuous trace line or by setting points.
It traces the Spectral Doppler image automatically and displays the results. If necessary, select the Angle and the Baseline. Press SET right or left trackball key to fix the line. Press SET to fix the line. NOTE: The determination of the envelope curve requires a clear and low-noise record of the Doppler spectrum.
Otherwise the reliability of the displayed measurement results may not be ensured! The ways for fetal doppler measurements are the same as those of basic velocity measurements.
For details see and ICA, Rt. ICA, Lt. CCA, Rt. CCA, Lt. ECA, Rt. ECA and Peripherals are the same. Press the Report key on the control panel to view a patient report that contains the results of Calculation Measurements. Place the probe’s carrying case on a stable surface and open the case.
Carefully remove the probe and unwrap the probe cable. DO NOT allow the probe head to hang free. Impact to the probe head could result in irreparable damage. Turn the connector locking handle counterclockwise. Align the connector with the probe port and carefully push into place. Turn the connector locking handle clockwise to secure the probe connector.
Open the right-hand side door, lay the cable into the intended cable holders and close the door. So it is free to move, but not resting on the floor. Select the appropriate probe by touching the corresponding key. The probe activates in the 2D Mode, the Touch Panel shows the main menu and the ultrasound image appears on the monitor in write mode real time display. Gently wipe the excess gel from the face of the probe. Carefully slide the probe around the right side of the keyboard, toward the probe holder.
Ensure that the probe is placed gently in the probe holder. It is unnecessary to switch the unit off. Open the right-hand side door, remove the cable from the cable holder and close the door. Pull the probe and connector straight out of the probe port. Carefully slide the probe and connector away from the probe port and around the right side of the keyboard. Ensure the cable is free.
Also, ensure that the slide switch in one corner of the disk is set so that the disk is write enabled disk hole closed. Insert the disk into the MOD with the label facing up. There are different methods to eject a disk from the MOD. Manual ejection methods are listed below in preferred order from best 1 to worst 3. Mechanical ejection.
Mechanical ejection leaves the actuator unlocked and the MOD susceptible to damage if moved. If forced to use this method, reboot the system, then insert and eject a known good disk using one of the other manual ejection methods. Insert the medium and select the CD or the MO icon. Select a Format Type from the drop down menu. If desired, mark the Low Level Format icon.
A message box appears on the screen. Confirm with OK. When the formatting has been completed, click OK to continue. Settings icon. Stop USB Devices. From Software Version 2. Choose the media and then click Save. Choose the media e. Click the OK key to start the process. When the saving has been completed, click OK. Make sure to insert the correct CD or MO. Choose the media and then click Load. Select the appropriate file and click OK.
Load button. Click the LOAD button to start the loading procedure of the complete backup into the system. This ensures that if the presets need to be reloaded, will be the same ones the customer was using prior to service. Choose the Destination e. Enter the description of the full backup.
When the Full Backup is stored on a network drive to map a network drive see: Section “Map Network Drive” on page , it may be desirable to move the data e. The sub folders have the names fbX where X is a number e. The data resides within a directory structure within these sub folders. It is possible to move the fbX sub folders, even leaving gaps in the numeration sequence. The following rules specify these restrictions: 1. Generally, only restoring data from an older to a newer software version is possible.
Loading a backup into a system that has a lower software version than the system the backup was created on is prohibited. When loading a backup into a system with a software version that has a higher major number 2. User Settings B. Options 4. The user is only allowed to restore data to a different system if and only if the software version on this system is the same as in the backup.
The user is only allowed to restore data onto the same system if and only if the software version on this system is equal or higher than the version in the backup. The user is not allowed to restore the following items to a different system: A. Windows Network Settings B. Options C. Click on the backup to be restored additional information is displayed in the table.
Select the NEXT button. The following window will be displayed. NOTE: For description of the check box names review: A full backup always contains the following data. Otherwise confirm these warning messages with YES. Click on the backup to be deleted additional information is displayed in the table.
When you click the OPEN button on the upper left side of the screen, a list of all the exams is displayed see Figure Backup button Figure Sonoview Screen. The number of all exams, the number of currently selected exams, the number of images and the capacity of selected images are displayed automatically at the right and upper corner of the exams list. Select the destination for the backup. After finishing the backup, select whether the selected exam s is to be deleted or not.
The System Setup desktop offers different pages to check:. The Measurement Setup desktop offers different pages to check:. Section Peripheral Checks Check that peripherals work as described below:. Stop image acquisition. VCR stops recording. A red dot is displayed in the VCR status area on the Title bar to indicate that recording has begun. The video status icon is changed to Pause. To start, Play back an examination. The video status icon in updated accordingly.
Step Task Expected Result s. Connect the ECG at the Connector on the rear panel of the It will display a curve along the bottom edge of the image 1 scanner. The DC Power is self-regulated. If a voltage is outside the specified range, it means that something is wrong, either with the power supply itself or with a component connected to that specific power outlet.
The following message box will be displayed. Fill in the requested information and click OK. Date Service person Problem Comments. It has provisions for analog input sources like ECG and Phono. A CW-Doppler probe may also be connected and used. Probe storage Connector Probe Connectors not active for scanning Foot rest.
Brakes to block the front wheels under the foot rest. GW Trolley housing, mechanical framework. Subboards: Slot-CPU, – wheels. It is a general purpose, mobile, software controlled diagnostic ultrasound scanner. Its function is to acquire ultrasound data and to display the data of different modes. In addition to the initial operational settings for each transducer pre-programmed in the system, user- customized parameter settings for each transducer may be inserted by the operator and stored for recall as needed via the system control panel.
System configuration is stored on the hard drive and all necessary software is loaded from the hard drive on power up. Biopsy guidelines are provided on screen to assist in the collection of tissue samples, using biopsy guide adapters offered as an optional accessory. The system provides the ability to perform remote viewing of images without compression, via DICOM 3.
High-resolution images are provided by utilizing a technology called digital dynamic receive focusing.
It is used for location and measurement of anatomical structures and for spatial orientation during operation of other modes. In 2D-mode, a two-dimensional cross-section of a three-dimensional soft tissue structure such as the heart is displayed in real time. Ultrasound echoes of different intensities are mapped to different gray scale or color values in the display.
The outline of the 2D cross-section may be a rectangle, parallelogram, sector or degree circle, depending on the particular transducer used. It is used primarily for cardiac measurements such as value timing on septal wall thickness when accurate timing information is required.
M-mode is also known as T-M mode or time-motion mode. Ultrasound echoes of different intensities are mapped to different gray scale values in the display. M-mode displays time motion information of the ultrasound data derived from a stationary beam.
Depth is arranged along the vertical axis with time along the horizontal axis. M-mode is normally used in conjunction with a 2D image for spatial reference. The 2D image has a graphical line M-line superimposed on the 2D image indicating where the M-mode beam is located. The 2D cross-section may be presented as a rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, sector, or a full circle, depending on the particular transducer used. Often, to provide spatial orientation, the full color blood flow cross-section is overlaid on top of the grayscale cross-section of soft tissue structure 2D echo.
For each pixel in the overlay, the decision of whether to display color Doppler , gray scale echo information or a blended combination is based on the relative strength of return echoes from the soft tissue structures and from the red blood cells.
Blood velocity is the primary parameter used to determine the display colors, but power and variance may also used. A high pass filter wall filter is used to remove the signals from stationary or slowly moving structures.
Tissue motion is discriminated from blood flow by assuming that blood is moving faster than the surrounding tissue, although additional parameters may also be used to enhance the discrimination.
Color flow can be used in combination with 2D and Spectral Doppler modes. The 2D cross-section is presented as a full color display, with various colors being used to represent the power in blood flow echoes. Often, to provide spatial orientation, the full color blood flow cross-section is overlaid on top of the gray scale cross-section of soft tissue structure 2D echo.
For each pixel in the overlay, the decision of whether to display color Doppler power , gray scale echo information or a blended combination is based on the relative strength of return echoes from the soft-tissue structures and from the red blood cells.
The power in the remaining signal after wall filtering is then averaged over time persistence to present a steady state image of blood flow distribution. In spectral Doppler, blood flow is presented as a scrolling display, with flow velocity on the Y-axis and time on the X-axis. The presence of spectral broadening indicates turbulent flow, while the absence of spectral broadening indicates laminar flow. PW Doppler provides real time spectral analysis of pulsed Doppler signals.
This information describes the Doppler shifted signal from the moving reflectors in the sample volume. PW Doppler can be used alone but is normally used in conjunction with a 2D image with an M-line and sample volume marker superimposed on the 2-D image indicating the position of the Doppler sample volume.
The sample volume size and location are specified by the operator. Sample volume can be overlaid by a flow direction cursor which is aligned, by the operator, with the direction of flow in the vessel, thus determining the Doppler angle. PW Doppler also provides the capability of performing spectral analysis at a selectable depth and sample volume size.
These 3D images are useful in visualizing three-dimensional structures, and in understanding the spatial or temporal relationships between the images in the 2D sequence. The 3D image is presented using standard visualization techniques, such as surface or volume rendering. The acquisition of volume data sets is performed by sweeping 2D-scans with special transducers called 3D-transducers designed for the 2D-scans and the 3D-sweep.
Images are spatially registered, using internal probe position sensing and a position control to ensure geometric accuracy of the 3D data. For example in 2D gray scale imaging, a 2 dimensional cross-section of a 3-dimensional soft-tissue structure such as the heart is displayed in real time. Typically, the user of an ultrasound machine manipulates the position and orientation of this 2D cross-section in real time during an ultrasound exam.
By changing the position of the cross-section, a variety of views of the underlying structure are obtained, and these views can be used to understand a 3-dimensional structure in the body. To complete survey a 3-dimensional structure in the body, it is necessary to collect 2D images which span a volume containing the structure.
One way is to sweep the imaging cross-section by translating it in a direction perpendicular to the cross-section. Another example method is to rotate the cross section about a line contained in the cross section. The Voluson Ultrasound System uses the automated so called C-Scan for the motion perpendicular to automated B-scan. Once a representative set of 2D cross-sections are obtained, standard reconstruction techniques can be used to construct other 2D cross-sections, or to view the collection of the cross-sections as a 3D images.
The mathematics behind this feature is called 3D-rendering. Such combined images are called projections, because the data from the volume is projected onto a flat 2-dimensional surface e. This technique can be applied to any 2D ultrasound mode. Several techniques can be used to aid the human observer in understanding the resulting 2D image as a representation of a three-dimensional object.
One is to rotate the volume of data, and present the resulting sequence of 2D projections to the observer. The changing direction of observation helps the observer to separate the features in the volume according to their distance from the observer. The gray value for each pixel of the 2D-image is calculated from the voxels along the corresponding projection path analyzing beam through the volume.
The render calculation algorithm, surface or transparent mode, determines how 3D-structures are visualized. Mot CCM Ser. ScanConverter f. Power, Stdby, etc.
Multibeam-DeInterleave means: Incoming Pixel order shot1pix1-shot2pix1-shot3pix1-shot4pix1 – shot1pix2-shot2pix2-shot3pix2-shot4pix The second method of THI is pulse-inversion: 2 TX-Beams are shot to the same Tissue- location, one with positive, one with negative polarity. The subtraction of both shots Subtraction Filter brings to bear the nonlinear-echo-reflection-properties of the tissue especially in usage of Contrast-medias , which is very useful with extremely difficult-to-image patients.
The Beams have different TX-foci. Image is composed of more than one different- direction-steered images. Image is composed of more than 2 small angle neighbored images. Only possible with 4D-Probes. The DSC Dig. ScanConverter reads out the Lines and writes them scan converted A-mode-polar to B- mode-cartesian into the Frame Memory. From there the non deflected Image can be read out and overlaid with the rest of the Monitor-Image, which is the PC-Graphics see: 6.
Same readout. Performs the above mentioned B-image overlay- function. The background of the overlaid image is PC-Graphics.
CPR see: B-Mode 3. CPG see: B-Mode. ScanConverter reads out the Lines and writes them into the Frame Memory. From there the Lines can be read out and overlaid with the rest of the PC-Graphics. CPC see: B-Mode. Mixer and Magnitude-Calculator arrange Complex Demodulation. Demodulated signal is output to CPF. CPC see: B-Mode 2. CPR see: B-Mode. CPG see: B-Mode 4. CKV see: B-Mode. CPC Not used. High effort on 3D- Software was necessary in order to prevent this.
PC will always incline to sputter. In Real Time 4D mode the volume acquisition box is at the same time the render box. All information in the volume box is used for the render process. By freezing the acquired volumes, size can be adjusted, manipulated manually as known from the Voluson 3D Mode.
All other workstations can be adapted individually. The advantage in comparison with other imaging methods is the real- time display, quick availability and easy access to any desired region of the patient.
The 4D biopsy allows for real time control of the biopsy needle in 3D multi-planar display during the puncture. The user is able to see the region of interest in three perpendicular planes longitudinal, transversal and frontal section and can guide the biopsy needle accurately into the centre of the lesion. It allows completely new possibilities in cancer diagnosis, therapy planning and follow-up therapy control. Shell Imaging – construction of a virtual shell which covers the entire contour to separately calculate internal tumor vascularization and peripheral vascularization for tumor therapy planning and follow up control.
It is not a Real Time 4D technique, but a post processed 3D acquisition. Between three and nine beams are correlated to form one image line. The advantages of Compound Resolution Imaging are enhanced contrast resolution with better tissue differentiation and clear organ borders. Also vessel walls and tissue layers are emphasized for easier recognition.
The TD image provides information about tissue motion direction and velocity. This image results from a special rendering mode consisting of texture and transparency information. VCI improves the contrast resolution and therefore facilitates finding of diffuse lesions in organs. This information describes the Doppler shifted signal from the moving reflectors in the CW Doppler beam. CW Doppler can be referenced through a small pencil probe or phased array scan head, but it can also be used in conjunction with a 2D image which has an M-line superimposed on the 2D image indicating the position of the Doppler sample volume.
For through-the-beamformer CW, this beam is steerable by the operator, and is done by adjusting the location of the M-line. The CW Doppler beam, or M-mode line, can be steered allowing interrogation along an operator-selected line within the image. Probeboard CPR Beamformer. Gen r Gen. Bus Beamformer Blockschaltbild. L UI Disp. Parallel Port RS UI Disp. RS C Beeper. LED’s and Hardkeys. TGC- Slider Speaker. Atmel Trackball Keyboard. This optional peripheral serves for gaining an ECG-signal to mark the systolic and end diastolic moments in M-Mode and Doppler evaluations.
It is not intended for use as a cardiac monitor and must not be used for an intraoperative application on the heart. MO disks are nearly indestructible and immune from the problems that plague magnetic media. MO disks can be rewritten an unlimited number of times. To reduce inrush current, an inrush current limiter as well as an EMI filter.
The mains cord has plugs in both ends. A female plug connects to the scanner and a male plug to the mains outlet on site. The mains voltage is routed via an EMI filter to the Mains Switch, located on the rear of the system. The Mains Switch is of the auto fuse type, if for some reason the current grows to high, the switch will automatically break the power.
The output voltages may be set to V or VAC independent from the input voltages. Section Mechanical Descriptions Physical Dimensions , Locking Lever for locking and unlocking the control console. Section Air Flow Control Air Flow Distribution The fans at the right side of the Main Board Chassis draw air into the scanner, through the filter grid, and pushes it through the card rack.
Air holes in the left and right side of the rack allow the air to move down through the card rack. Air exits the scanner through holes the Main Air Outlet at the left side panel. PC-Rack fan. PC-Air In. Each user is only granted access to the tools that are authorized for their use. It records all user actions scanning, Touch Panel entries, performing Calculations, review of Patient Reports, etc.
It is possible to safe record as file on HDD. It is possible to burn this file on CD or to store it on MO-disk. Operation see: Section “How to use the Auto Tester program” on page Operation see: Section “Export System Data” on page The following message appears on the screen. Read the displayed instructions. Afterwards confirm with YES. The Monitor Test main menu appears on the screen. To return to the Main menu, press the upper trackball key.
Operation see: “Printer Installation manually” on page Section Overview Purpose of Chapter 6 This chapter describes how to test and adjust the mechanical capabilities of a scanner that may be out of specification. Although some tests may be optional they should only be performed by qualified personnel. Section Regulatory Verify, where applicable, that any regulatory information or tests required by national law are present and accounted for, and any regulatory tests required by national law are performed and documented.
The screen is degaussed automatically when the power is turned on. Dim Room for Obstetrics 62 Bright Room for Obstetrics 72 Dim Room for Radiology 70 If you are not satisfied with the factory settings, use these controls to program those you prefer in each resolution. Then, these adjusted settings are kept in memory even if you change the resolution or turn off the monitor. Decrease Increase Left Menu Right. This button is also used to select the function in the Main Menu or to save the settings in the Sub Menu.
Push for 3 sec. NOTE: It is recommended that only the image size be adjusted as required and not anything else. Pressing this button out of OSD menu allows to decrease the level of contrast of the display screen. Pressing this button out of OSD menu allows to increase the level of contrast of the display screen.
When rotating the control console grasp it only the front grip. Push the lever under the control console forward. Rotate the console to wanted position. When preparing the system for transport, the lock has to be engaged in order to secure the console against uncontrolled rotation. Section Trackball Adjustment Adjustment of the mechanical movement may be necessary to ensure smooth running of the trackball.
Adjust the trackball for smooth running by rotating the black securing ring. Securing ring. Section Overview Purpose of Chapter 7 This section describes how to setup and run the tools and software that help maintain image quality and system operation. Basic host, system, and board level diagnostics are run whenever power is applied. Some Service Tools may be run at the application level. There are different options to acquire this data that would give different results.
Section Collect Vital System Information The following information is necessary in order to properly analyze data or images being reported as a malfunction or being returned to the manufacturer:. Serial number. Hardware ID. Section Screen Captures and Logs There may be times when the customer or field engineer will want to capture a presentation on the screen so it may be recovered by the OnLine Center through InSite.
Up to 20 dump files are stored there. Section How to use the Auto Tester program 1. Start Auto Tester. Pause key on the right upper corner of the keyboard. Click OK. Start scanning. You can scan normally and everything will be recorded to the program up to several hours.
NOTE: It is important that you are recording the processes where the errors normally occur. Enter a Filename. RS connector for Operation Panel. VGA Monitor e. Console g. Standby switch h. Monitor Power Supply. Connect mains power cable i to the system and to an appropriate mains power outlet. Connect a probe, boot up the system and start an User program. Is there any electrical YES devices that affect the Scanner? NO Keep the Scanner away from those electrical devices. Does the trackball move at YES all?
NO Remove the ball from the Trackball unit, and clean it. Yes shut down procedure inside Supply is defekt 3min. Check the Standby-switch and the cable. System is down If ok, Primary Power Supply is defekt. Fault symptom Check these items. Check the power cord is properly connected. No image Check the video cable is properly connected.
Check no pins of the video cable are bent. Check if video is present on backplane. Check for presence of magnetic sources near the monitor. Colored streaks appear in image Eliminate the sources and then degauss the monitor. Adjust the picture location, picture size, picture rotation or pincushion distortion.
Screen image is not centered or sized Some video modes do not fill the screen to the edge of the monitor. This phenomenon may occur on higher refresh rates vertical frequency. Adjust the picture contrast and picture brightness. Some SVGA cards having an excessive video output level will cause a fuzzy picture Picture is fuzzy at the maximum contrast level. Turn ON the power to activate the Auto-Degauss function. Video test patterns are not clear, Replace the monitor.
YES Put the tape into the device and rewind it. Is recording unable even NO by manual operation? Video Output of System NO o. Is the printer s properly NO connected? YES Insert the printer papers. Is proper configuration for NO the Print key s set? Configure the Print key s. Is printing unavailable NO even by manual operation? Still no image on the print YES out. The images, which you have choosen during backup should be visible. Press Network key 2. MO and backup exams. Insert an empty MO into the Drive.
Select exam s and backup them to MO. The images, which you have chosen during backup should be visible. Check that the network cable between the scanner and the wall network is connected and well seated in both ends. Try a network cable that is known to be OK. Connect a network cable between your Scanner and your PC. Error Messages Actions. Disconnect and reconnect the probe. If error remains don’t Probe connected on………. Array bounds exceeded restart the system. Attempt to read Probe-ID from an invalid probe connector.
Error during writing of backup data. Backup error while verifying. Checksum mismatch repeat backup. BF: can’t set D RxApod restart the system. Cannot read a valid Probe-ID xxx from…………. Can’t open Communication thread is dead!
Voluson Expert Basic User Manual Rev 6 PDF download
Pull the probe and connector straight out of the probe port. Then, these adjusted settings are kept in memory even if you change the resolution or turn off the monitor. System detected severe error, please call technical support.
Voluson Expert Basic User Manual Rev 6 PDF download.GE VOLUSON PRO SERVICE MANUAL Pdf Download | ManualsLib
Voluson® Pro/ProV (BT05, BT08). Service Manual. • Voluson® Pro/ProV systems with Serial number A – A, A -. Voluson® Expert systems with Software version SW4.x.x (BT04) THIS SERVICE MANUAL IS AVAILABLE IN ENGLISH ONLY. to look guide voluson expert user manual as you such as. to buy and make bargains to download and install voluson expert.